FLORA IN TADOBA
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in Tadoba is a predominantly southern tropical dry forest with dense woodlands comprising about 87 per cent of the protected area.
The most popular species of the trees are Teak and Bamboo in this forest.
Other trees include Ain (crocodile bark), Bija, Dhauda, Hald, Salai, Semal and Tendu. Beheda, Hirda, Karaya Gum, Mahua Madhuca (crepe myrtle) and Lannea coromandelica are other common species.
Axlewood (Anogeissus latifolia) is a fire-resistant species growing here.
Palas or flame of the forest (Butea monosperma) adds vibrant colour to the forest.
Black plum trees grow in the riparian habitat around the lake. At the waterhole at Panchadhara, huge Arjun trees are seen.
Grass is found throughout the reserve.
Bamboo thickets grow throughout the reserve.
The climber Kach Kujali (velvet bean) found here is a medicinal plant used to treat Parkinson’s disease.
The leaves of Bheria are used as an insect repellent and Bija is a medicinal gum.
Beheda is also an important medicine found here.
FAUNA IN TADOBA
Tadoba National Park is a popular tiger reserve known as ‘The Land of Tigers’ as large number of tigers are found here, Aside from the keystone species, the Bengal tiger, Tadoba Tiger Reserve is home to other mammals, including: Indian Leopards, Sloth Bears, Gaur, Nilgai, Dhole, Striped Hyena, Small Indian Civet, Jungle Cats, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Chital, Chausingha and Honey Badger. Tadoba lake sustains the marsh crocodile, which were once common all over Maharashtra.
Reptiles here include the endangered Indian Python and the common Indian Monitor. Terrapins, Indian star tortoise, Indian Cobra and Russel’s viper also live in Tadoba.
The lake is an ornithologist’s paradise with a wide diversity of water birds, and raptors. 195 species of birds have been recorded, including three endangered species. The Grey-Headed Fish Eagle, the Crested Serpent Eagle, and the Changeable Hawk-Eagle are some of the raptors.
Other interesting species include the Orange-Headed Thrush, Indian Pitta, Crested Treeswift, Stone Curlew, Crested Honey Buzzard, Paradise Flycatcher, Bronze-Winged Jacana and Lesser Goldenbacked Woodpecker. Warblers and the Black-Naped Blue Flycatcher exist here and the call of the Peacock may often be heard.
74 species of Butterflies have been recorded Including the Pansies, Monarch, Mormons and Swordtails.
Insect species include the endangered Danaid Egg-Fly and Great Eggfly. Dragonflies, Stick Insects, Jewel Beetles and the Praying Mantis are other insects found in the reserve.
The Signature Spider, Giant Wood Spider and Red Wood Spiders are often seen during the monsoon and soon after. Some hunting spiders like the Wolf Spiders, Crab Spiders and Lynx Spiders are also common.